Laureates

The Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration

2020 Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics

For the first image of a supermassive black hole, taken by means of an Earth-sized alliance of telescopes.

Shared equally among the 347 scientists co-authoring the EHT papers published on April 10, 2019. See the list of all prizewinners at the bottom of page.

Sheperd Doeleman, Founding Director

Comments

Seeing a black hole might seem impossible: no light can escape it. Yet by linking radio dishes across the globe to form an Earth-sized virtual telescope, we brought the billion-degree gas just outside the horizon into focus. Carrying out this unique experiment required a decades-long campaign by experts in instrumentation, observations, theoretical simulations and algorithms, pushing us to the limits of angular resolution possible from the surface of our planet. On April 10, 2019, the Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration reported the first image: a bright ring formed by radio waves bending in the immense gravity of a black hole 6.5 billion times the mass of our Sun. For our team, seeing the image, and grasping its impact on the fields of astronomy and physics, produced a mixture of astonishment, wonder, pride, awe and humility. We are deeply grateful to the international funding agencies and foundations that supported this long-term project, and to the Breakthrough Prize Foundation for its recognition of the collaborative teamwork behind these results. An overwhelming public response to this work gives it a truly human dimension, acknowledgement that the EHT worked together, across borders, focused on one of the greatest mysteries in the Universe.

Sheperd Doeleman, Founding Director

The Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration:

  • Kazunori Akiyama
  • Antxon Alberdi
  • Walter Alef
  • Juan-Carlos Algaba
  • Alexander Allardi
  • Rodrigo Amestica
  • Jadyn Anczarski
  • Keiichi Asada
  • Rebecca Azulay
  • Uwe Bach
  • Anne-Kathrin Baczko
  • Frederick K. Baganoff
  • David Ball
  • Mislav Baloković
  • John Barrett
  • Christopher Beaudoin
  • Bradford A. Benson
  • Ryan Berthold
  • Dan Bintley
  • Lindy Blackburn
  • Jay M. Blanchard
  • Ray Blundell
  • Wilfred Boland
  • Katherine L. Bouman
  • Geoffrey C. Bower
  • Michael Bremer
  • Christiaan D. Brinkerink
  • Roger Brissenden
  • Silke Britzen
  • Avery E. Broderick
  • Dominique Broguiere
  • Thomas Bronzwaer
  • Sandra Bustamente
  • Do-Young Byun
  • Roger Cappallo
  • John E. Carlstrom
  • Edgar Castillo-Domínguez
  • Andrew Chael
  • Chi-kwan Chan
  • Chih-Cheng Chang
  • Shu-Hao Chang
  • Song-Chu Chang
  • Shami Chatterjee
  • Koushik Chatterjee
  • Ming-Tang Chen
  • Chung-Chen Chen
  • Yongjun Chen (陈永军)
  • Ryan Chilson
  • Ilje Cho
  • Pierre Christian
  • Tim C. Chuter
  • John E. Conway
  • James M. Cordes
  • Rodrigo Córdova Rosado
  • Iain M. Coulson
  • Thomas M. Crawford
  • Geoffrey B. Crew
  • Joseph Crowley
  • Yuzhu Cui
  • Jordy Davelaar
  • Mariafelicia De Laurentis
  • Roger Deane
  • Jessica Dempsey
  • Mark Derome
  • Gregory Desvignes
  • Jason Dexter
  • Matthew Dexter
  • Sheperd S. Doeleman
  • Sven Dornbusch
  • Sergio A. Dzib
  • Ralph P. Eatough
  • Andreas Eckart
  • Chris Eckert
  • Neal R. Erickson
  • Wendeline B. Everett
  • Aaron Faber
  • Heino Falcke
  • Joseph R. Farah
  • Vernon Fath
  • Vincent L. Fish
  • Thomas W. Folkers
  • Ed Fomalont
  • David C. Forbes
  • Raquel Fraga-Encinas
  • William T. Freeman
  • Robert Freund
  • Per Friberg
  • Christian M. Fromm
  • David M. Gale
  • Peter Galison
  • Charles F. Gammie
  • Feng Gao
  • Roberto García
  • Gertie Geertsema
  • Olivier Gentaz
  • Boris Georgiev
  • Ciriaco Goddi
  • Roman Gold
  • José L. Gómez
  • Arturo I. Gómez-Ruiz
  • David A. Graham
  • Christopher H. Greer
  • Ronald Grosslein
  • Minfeng Gu(顾敏峰)
  • Frédéric Gueth
  • Mark Gurwell
  • Kazuhiro Hada
  • Daryl Haggard
  • Nils W. Halverson
  • Chih-Chiang Han
  • Kuo-Chang Han
  • Jinchi Hao
  • Yutaka Hasegawa
  • Michael H. Hecht
  • Jason W. Henning
  • Antonio Hernández-Gómez
  • Rubén Herrero-Illana
  • Ronald Hesper
  • Stefan Heyminck
  • Akihiko Hirota
  • Paul Ho
  • Luis C. Ho (何子山)
  • James Hoge
  • Mareki Honma
  • Chih-Wei L. Huang
  • Yau-De Huang
  • Lei Huang (黄磊)
  • David H. Hughes
  • Shiro Ikeda
  • C. M. Violette Impellizzeri
  • Makoto Noue
  • Sara Issaoun
  • David J. James
  • Huib Jan van Langevelde
  • Buell T. Jannuzi
  • Michael Janssen
  • Britton Jeter
  • Homin Jiang
  • Wu Jiang (江悟)
  • David John
  • Michael D. Johnson
  • Svetlana Jorstad
  • Taehyun Jung
  • Atish Kamble
  • Mansour Karami
  • Ramesh Karuppusamy
  • Tomohisa Kawashima
  • Garrett K. Keating
  • Ryan Keisler
  • Mark Kettenis
  • Jae-Young Kim
  • Junhan Kim
  • Jongsoo Kim
  • Kimihiro Kimura
  • Motoki Kino
  • Patrick M. Koch
  • Yusuke Kono
  • Shoko Koyama
  • Michael Kramer
  • Carsten Kramer
  • Thomas P. Krichbaum
  • Derek Kubo
  • Cheng-Yu Kuo
  • John Kuroda
  • Richard Lacasse
  • Robert A. Laing
  • Tod R.Lauer
  • Sang-Sung Lee
  • Erik M.Leitch
  • Chao-TeLi
  • Yan-Rong Li (李彦荣)
  • Zhiyuan Li (李志远)
  • Lupin C.-C. Lin
  • Michael Lindqvist
  • Kuo Liu
  • Ching-Tang Liu
  • Kuan-Yu Liu
  • Elisabetta Liuzzo
  • Wen-Ping Lo
  • Andrei P. Lobanov
  • Laurent Loinard
  • Colin Lonsdale
  • Li-Ming Lu
  • Ru-Sen Lu (路如森)
  • Nicholas R. MacDonald
  • Jirong Mao (毛基荣)
  • Sera Markoff
  • Daniel P. Marrone
  • Alan P. Marscher
  • Ralph G. Marson
  • Iván Martí-Vidal
  • Pierre L. Martin-Cocher
  • Kyle D. Massingill
  • Satoki Matsushita
  • Lynn D. Matthews
  • Callie Matulonis
  • Martin P. McColl
  • Stephen R. McWhirter
  • Lia Medeiros
  • Karl M. Menten
  • Hugo Messias
  • Zheng Meyer-Zhao
  • Daniel Michalik
  • Yosuke Mizuno
  • Izumi Mizuno
  • Alfredo Montaña
  • William Montgomerie
  • Matias Mora-Klein
  • James M. Moran
  • Kotaro Moriyama
  • Monika Moscibrodzka
  • Dirk Muders
  • Cornelia Müller
  • Andrew Nadolski
  • Hiroshi Nagai
  • Neil M. Nagar
  • Masanori Nakamura
  • Ramesh Narayan
  • Gopal Narayanan
  • Iniyan Natarajan
  • Santiago Navarro
  • Joseph Neilsen
  • Roberto Neri
  • Chi H. Nguyen
  • Chunchong Ni
  • Hiroaki Nishioka
  • Timothy Norton
  • Aristeidis Noutsos
  • Michael A. Nowak
  • George Nystrom
  • Hideo Ogawa
  • Hiroki Okino
  • Héctor Olivares
  • Gisela N. Ortiz-León
  • Peter Oshiro
  • Tomoaki Oyama
  • Feryal Özel
  • Stephen Padin
  • Scott N. Paine
  • Daniel C. M. Palumbo
  • Harriet Parsons
  • Nimesh Patel
  • Ue-Li Pen
  • Juan Peñalver
  • Dominic W. Pesce
  • Neil M. Phillips
  • Vincent Piétu
  • Richard Plambeck
  • Michael Poirier
  • Aleksandar Popstefanija
  • Oliver Porth
  • Nicolas Pradel
  • Ben Prather
  • Jorge A. Preciado-López
  • Rurik A. Primiani
  • Dimitrios Psaltis
  • Hung-Yi Pu
  • Philippe A. Raffin
  • Alexandra S. Rahlin
  • Venkatessh Ramakrishnan
  • Ramprasad Rao
  • Mark G. Rawlings
  • Alexander W. Raymond
  • George Reiland
  • Luciano Rezzolla
  • Bart Ripperda
  • Christopher Risacher
  • Freek Roelofs
  • Alan Rogers
  • Eduardo Ros
  • Mel Rose
  • Arash Roshanineshat
  • Helge Rottmann
  • Alan L. Roy
  • Ignacio Ruiz
  • Chet Ruszczyk
  • Benjamin R. Ryan
  • Kazi L. J. Rygl
  • Alejandro F. Sáez-Madaín
  • Salvador Sánchez
  • David Sánchez-Arguelles
  • Mahito Sasada
  • Remi Sassella
  • Tuomas Savolainen
  • Pim Schellart
  • F. Peter Schloerb
  • Karl-Friedrich Schuster
  • Lijing Shao
  • Paul Shaw
  • Zhiqiang Shen (沈志强)
  • Hotaka Shiokawa
  • Kevin M. Silva
  • Des Small
  • David R. Smith
  • William Snow
  • Jason SooHoo
  • Kamal Souccar
  • Don Sousa
  • T. K. Sridharan
  • Ranjani Srinivasan
  • William Stahm
  • Anthony A. Stark
  • Kyle Story
  • Fumie Tazaki
  • Paul Tiede
  • Remo P. J. Tilanus
  • Sjoerd T. Timmer
  • Michael Titus
  • Kenji Toma
  • Pablo Torne
  • Tyler Trent
  • Sascha Trippe
  • Shuichiro Tsuda
  • Ilse van Bemmel
  • Daniel R. van Rossum
  • Laura Vertatschitsch
  • Jan Wagner
  • Craig Walther
  • John Wardle
  • Ta-Shun Wei
  • Jonathan Weintroub
  • Norbert Wex
  • Robert Wharton
  • Nathan Whitehorn
  • Alan R. Whitney
  • Maciek Wielgus
  • Bong Won Sohn
  • George N. Wong
  • David P. Woody
  • Jan G. A. Wouterloot
  • Melvin Wright
  • Qingwen Wu (吴庆文)
  • Paul Yamaguchi
  • Jun Yi Koay
  • Ken Young
  • André Young
  • Ziri Younsi
  • Chen-Yu Yu
  • Ye-Fei Yuan (袁业飞)
  • Feng Yuan (袁峰)
  • Milagros Zeballos
  • J. Anton Zensus
  • Shuo Zhang
  • Guangyao Zhao
  • Shan-Shan Zhao
  • Ziyan Zhu
  • Lucy Ziurys