Laureates

Arthur B. McDonald and the SNO Collaboration

Queen’s University

2016 Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics

For the fundamental discovery and exploration of neutrino oscillations, revealing a new frontier beyond, and possibly far beyond, the Standard Model of particle physics.

The Science

Sixty-five billion neutrinos pass through every square centimeter of your body every second, but since they are invisible and pass right through the Earth with scarcely any impacts, they are very hard to detect and study. Arthur McDonald and the SNO experiment in Canada demonstrated that neutrinos coming from the sun “oscillate”, or spontaneously transform into different types. This has major implications for our understanding of the Standard Model of particle physics and perhaps the evolution of the Universe.

Comments

This prize is the result of very hard work by an extremely skilled team of hundreds of scientists and technical people who made the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory a success. We started the project in 1984 with a 16-member collaboration, led by founding spokespersons Herb Chen of UC Irvine and George Ewan of Queen’s University, and went on to uncover very basic properties of electron neutrinos and the sun. I have been extremely fortunate to work with such a talented group of scientists, including the group leaders of major phases of the project, David Sinclair, Carleton University, and Hamish Robertson, University of Washington. We are very grateful for the support of our institutions and funding agencies in Canada, the US, UK, Portugal, and Germany, as well as INCO/VALE for the underground site and AECL for the loan of heavy water. I would particularly like to thank the supportive families of all our scientists, including my own wife, Janet, and our family. A wonderful aspect of this accomplishment has been the opportunity to provide an educational experience to hundreds of students and postdocs at our international institutions, particularly the extraordinary experience of a real scientific breakthrough.

Arthur B. McDonald and the SNO Collaboration

*Collaboration:

  • Aksel L. Hallin
  • Alain Bellerive
  • Alan R. Smith
  • Alan W. P. Poon
  • Alexander Wright
  • Allan Myers
  • Alysia Marino
  • André Krüger
  • André Roberge
  • Andre V. Krumins
  • Andrew Ferraris
  • Andrew Hime
  • Anett Schülke
  • Anthony J. Noble
  • Araz Hamian
  • Aubra Anthony
  • Azriel Goldschmidt
  • Barry C. Robertson
  • Bassam Aharmim
  • Bei Cai
  • Benjamin Monreal
  • Bernard Nickel
  • Berta Beltran
  • Bhaskar Sur
  • Blair Jamieson
  • Brandon Wall
  • Brent VanDevender
  • Brian Morissette
  • Bruce Cleveland
  • Bryan G. Fulsom
  • Bryce Moffat
  • Carsten B. Krauss
  • Catherine Mifflin
  • Charles Currat
  • Charles Duba
  • Charlotte Sims
  • Christian Nally
  • Christian V. Ouellet
  • Christine Kraus
  • Christopher C. M. Kyba
  • Christopher Howard
  • Christopher Jillings
  • Christopher Tunnell
  • Christopher Waltham
  • Clarence Virtue
  • Colin Okada
  • Darren Grant
  • David Anglin
  • David Sinclair
  • David Waller
  • David Wark
  • Diane Reitzner
  • Dimpal Chauhan
  • Doug Hallman
  • Douglas Cowen
  • Douglas McDonald
  • E. Davis Earle
  • Ed Frank
  • Edward T.H. Clifford
  • Emily-Michael Dragowsky
  • Emmanuel Bonvin
  • Eric Norman
  • Erik Saettler
  • Etienne Rollin
  • Eugene Guillian
  • Eugene W. Beier
  • F. Mitchell Newcomer
  • Fabrice Fleurot
  • Feng Zhang
  • Ferenc Dalnoki-Veress
  • Fraser Duncan
  • G. Adam Cox
  • Gabriel D. Orebi Gann
  • Geoffrey Miller
  • George T. Doucas
  • George T. Ewan
  • Gerhard Bühler
  • Gersende Prior
  • Gordana Tešić
  • Gordon McGregor
  • Gregory Harper
  • Guy Jonkmans
  • Gwen Milton
  • Hadi Fergani
  • Hans Bichsel
  • Hans Mes
  • Hardy Seifert
  • Hay Boon Mak
  • Heidi Munn
  • Helen M. O'Keeffe
  • Hendrick Labranche
  • Henry Lee
  • Hok Seum Wan Chan Tseung
  • Huaizhang Deng
  • Hugh Evans
  • Hui-Siong Ng
  • Ian Lawson
  • Ilan Levine
  • Ira Blevis
  • J. Duncan Hepburn
  • J. Manuel Anaya
  • Jacques Farine
  • James Cameron
  • James Hall
  • James Loach
  • James R. Leslie
  • Jaret Heise
  • Jason Detwiler
  • Jason Hewett
  • Jason Pun
  • Jason TM Goon
  • Jeanne Wilson
  • Jeffrey Secrest
  • Jeremy Lyon
  • Jerry B. Wilhelmy
  • Jessica Dunmore
  • Jian-Xiong Wang
  • Jimmy Law
  • Jocelyn Monroe
  • John Amsbaugh
  • John Boger
  • John Orrell
  • John Simpson
  • John Wilkerson
  • Jon Hykawy
  • Jose Maneira
  • Joseph A. Formaggio
  • Joseph Banar
  • Joseph Germani
  • Joshua R. Klein
  • Juergen Wendland
  • Kai Zuber
  • Kara Keeter
  • Kareem Kazkaz
  • Karsten Heeger
  • Katherine Frame
  • Kathryn Schaffer
  • Keith Rielage
  • Kennneth McFarlane
  • Kevin Graham
  • Kevin Lesko
  • Kevin McBryde
  • Khalil Boudjemline
  • Klaus Kirch
  • Laura Kormos
  • Laura Stonehill
  • Laurel Sinclair
  • Louise Heelan
  • Malcolm Fowler
  • Marc Bergevin
  • Marcus J. Thomson
  • Maria Isaac
  • Marie DiMarco
  • Mark Boulay
  • Mark Chen
  • Mark Howe
  • Mark Kos
  • Mark S. Neubauer
  • Martin Moorhead
  • Masa Omori
  • Melin Huang
  • Melissa Jerkins
  • Michael Bowler
  • Michael Browne
  • Michael Lay
  • Michael Lowry
  • Michael Miller
  • Michael Thorman
  • Michal Shatkay
  • Mike Schwendener
  • Miles Smith
  • Minfang Yeh
  • Miriam Diamond
  • Monica Dunford
  • Morley O'Neill
  • Mort Bercovitch
  • Myung Chol Chon
  • Naeem Ahmed
  • Nathaniel Tagg
  • Neil McCauley
  • Nicholas A. Jelley
  • Nicholas West
  • Nikolai Starinsky
  • Nikolai Tolich
  • Noah Oblath
  • Noel Gagnon
  • Nuno Barros
  • Olivier Simard
  • Patrick Tsang
  • Paul T. Keener
  • Peter Wittich
  • Peter Doe
  • Peter J.S. Watson
  • Peter Skensved
  • Peter Thornewell
  • Philip Harvey
  • Pierre Luc Drouin
  • Pillalamarr Jagam
  • Q. Rushdy Ahmad
  • R.G. Hamish Robertson
  • Ranpal Dosanjh
  • Reda Tafirout
  • Reena Meijer Drees
  • Reyco Henning
  • Richard Allen
  • Richard Ford
  • Richard Helmer
  • Richard Hemingway
  • Richard Kouzes
  • Richard L. Hahn
  • Richard Lange
  • Richard Ott
  • Richard Taplin
  • Richard Van Berg
  • Richard Van de Water
  • Rizwan Haq
  • Robert Black
  • Robert Boardman
  • Robert G. Stokstad
  • Robert Heaton
  • Robert Komar
  • Robin Ollerhead
  • Ryan MacLellan
  • Ryan Martin
  • Ryuta Hazama
  • Salvador Gil
  • Sarah Rosendahl
  • Scott Oser
  • Sean McGee
  • Shahnoor Habib
  • Sherry Majerus
  • Simon J. M. Peeters
  • Stanley R Seibert
  • Steffon Luoma
  • Steven Elliott
  • Steven D. Biller
  • Steven J. Brice
  • Teresa Spreitzer
  • Thomas Andersen
  • Thomas J. Radcliffe
  • Thomas J. Bowles
  • Thomas Kutter
  • Thomas Sonley
  • Thomas Steiger
  • Timothy Van Wechel
  • Tom Burritt
  • Tudor Costin
  • Tyron Tsui
  • Vadim Rusu
  • Vladimir Novikov
  • Walter Davidson
  • William Frati
  • William Handler
  • William J. Heintzelman
  • William Locke
  • William McLatchie
  • Xin Chen
  • Xin Dai
  • Yaroslav Tserkovnyak
  • Yasuo Takeuchi
  • Yekaterina Opachich
  • Yuen-Dat Chan

* The Prize recognizes living members of the experiments. We regret that prizes cannot be claimed on behalf of team members who have since passed away. All eligible winners of the 2016 Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics must claim their prize by October 1, 2016. Claims made after that date will not be accepted.